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Archive for September 2012

Global Human Development Program

Development Practitioner Series

September, 17, 2012

SPEAKER BIO

J. Brian Atwood was unanimously elected Chair of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee in January 2011. From 1993 to 1999 during the administration of President William Clinton, Mr. Atwood served as Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Prior to this, he led the Transition Team at the State Department and was Under Secretary of State for Management. During the administration of President Jimmy Carter, he served as Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations. In 198182, he was Dean of Professional Studies and Academic Affairs at the Foreign Service Institute. From 2002 until 2010, Mr Atwood was Dean of the Hubert Humphrey School of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota. Other prior positions include President and Chief Executive Officer of Citizens International (1999-2002) and founding President of the National Democratic Institute of International Affairs (1985-1993). In 2001, he served on United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan's Panel on Peace Operations.

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Protests, tragedy, and diplomatic tensions following insults to the Prophet Muhammad have once again raised the questions of religious toleration, freedom of speech, extremism, and power politics. This panel offered perspectives on how and why so many Muslims have reacted to the film insulting Muhammad, who made it and why, and how these factors affect US relations with Muslim majority countries.

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There is currently great interest and controversy over 'Shariah' in the post-revolution Arab World, as well as in the United States. This presentation attempted to answer the question, What is Shariah? And how is it perceived by various parties involved in the debates, including Islamist groups, Islamophobes, and traditional Islamic institutes? It will be argued that Shariah defined as Islamic ethics, which influence public affairs on the principles level, is the view finding its way to both the American Muslim community and new Arab constitutions.

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Professor Michael Green, as part of a U.S. delegation, recently returned from Burma/Myanmar where he met with Burmese leaders, including President Thein Sein, as well as Aung San Suu Kyi to discuss the recent reforms underway in the country. Professor Green will give us "the good news and the bad news" about the developing situation in Burma/Myanmar.

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ECON 001/002/003 Tutoring

ECON-001/002/003 TUTORING

Where: ICC 105
When: Sundays through Wednesdays, 8PM-10PM
Cost: free (sponsored by the Economics Department and SFS)
Tutors and professor specializations:

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday
Galen Weber (Both) Chetan Panda (Madigan) Philip Dearing (Levinson) Berin Senne (Madigan/Both)
Kathryn Witchger (Levinson) Alex Cave

(Levinson)

Matt McDonough (Diba)
Drew Kempf (Levinson)


Tutors will be most effective helping for the professors they specialize in, but they will still do their best to help you for any other professor's material.

If you have any questions, please contact the Head Tutor, Galen Weber (jgw28@georgetown.edu).

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The Alvarez Memorial Scholarship fund was established through the generous support of members of the Alvarez family to honor the memory of their father, Mr. Pedro A. Alvarez. The purpose of the fund is to provide scholarship awards to students in the School of Foreign Service who, due to limited financial resources, would otherwise be unable to accept non-paying public interest internships or research assistantships. This semester, the School of Foreign Service is happy to offer two Alvarez Scholarships in the amount of $1500 each to current students in the School who receive need-based financial aid from the University. According to the terms of the gift, recipients must show that they have obtained an unpaid internship or research assistantship. The $1000 scholarship award will be paid to each recipient’s student billing account for the fall 2012 term, and will replace part of the amount in a GU financial aid package that each student would otherwise have been expected to contribute toward his/her 2012-2013 academic year costs.

To apply: Please email Kendra Billingslea (kpb2@georgetown.edu) a brief statement, in 250 words or less, describing your spring semester internship or research assistantship, and explaining how it fits into your educational goals. By submitting an application (essay), you give permission to Georgetown University Office of Student Financial Services to release the information contained in your financial aid application and award package to the the SFS Dean's office for the purpose of selecting recipients for the Alvarez Scholarship. All information will be used for scholarship selection purposes only and will be kept confidential.

Deadline: Monday, October 1st by 5:00 p.m.

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Japanese - Deadline 10/19

2012 Fall Japanese Language Proficiency Test for SFS/MSFS/MSB students are scheduled for October 23 and 25.  Please inform students that they should sign up by Friday, October 19 at

For more information, please see the attached flyer.

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Scott LaFoy graduated from Georgetown in 2012 with a degree in Government, a minor in Japanese, and a certificate in Asian Studies. He spent two months in the summer of 2012 in Yanji, Jilin, China, studying North Korean dialect Korean and visited North Korea twice during that time. He currently works as a geo-spatial analyst at a defense policy and strategy think tank near Washington D.C.

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By Ryan Nichols

Women’s leadership in the development and implementation of innovative approaches to building peace is integral to engaging with the greater field of peace and security. Just as peace processes benefit from women delegates - and transitional justice from women judges and advocates - so too does the creative development of new fields benefit from women theoreticians and practitioners. Nowhere is this more evident than in the small, but promising field of Peace through Health. As the field has grown, two women have figured prominently in articulating the theoretical development of the field and demonstrating examples of its effective implementation. Looking to the work of Dr. Joanna Santa Barbara and Dr. Paula Gutlove, it is evident that their leading roles have been an invaluable contribution to the development of a new and innovative approach to building peace.

What is Peace through Health?

DFIDPhoto.jpgPeace through Health is an approach to peacebuilding that utilizes the unique access and position of health care professionals to positively impact conflict. It is based on the recognition that health and conflict are intimately related, and that health care professionals are often accorded access to denied areas/populations, held in high social esteem, and practice a profession defined – at least in part - by altruistic principals. Peace through Health seeks to take advantage of these characteristics through using health programming and professionals to promote opportunities for dialogue, address issues of structural conflict, and facilitate personal and communal healing in post-conflict settings.

The first examples of Peace through Health efforts were undertaken by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in the early 1980’s to address conflict between guerilla groups and the government in El Salvador and Peru. Using mutual concern over children’s health, PAHO implemented a campaign of  “days of tranquility” or temporary cease-fires in order to immunize children from both groups against preventable disease. Through temporary ceasefires that continually grew in length, space and time were created to bring opposing groups to the table, eventually leading to a political resolution of the armed conflict. The idea of using immunization campaigns as a way to temporarily halt hostilities, while at the same time providing for the basic health needs of their respective populations, soon took hold. Primarily through the work of the WHO, similar campaigns were introduced throughout the late 1980’s and 1990’s in countries such as Afghanistan, Lebanon, Somalia, and Sri Lanka among others. As these efforts grew, so too did similar programming using trauma recovery and psychosocial interventions as a means to heal from conflict and prevent its resumption.

Influential Women Leaders

Though work had begun to be done pairing health and conflict programming, there was little theoretical or academic support for such efforts until the late 1990’s. When individuals in the academic community finally began discussing these joint efforts, the voice of Dr. Joanna Santa Barbara was consistently at the front of the field. Through her association with the Center for Peace Studies at McMaster University, as well as her many publications, she advocated for the growth of Peace through Health as a field. During her time at McMaster, the university established the Peace through Health Initiative and led the academic world in the development of Peace through Health. The university convened the first academic conference related to the field in 2001, soon followed by a second in 2005. Throughout this entire process, Dr. Santa Barbara, in partnership with Dr. Graeme MacQueen, also established the first university course in Peace through Health. And in 2008, she co-edited the first comprehensive book on the field, Peace through Health: How Health Professionals Can Work for a Less Violent World, in collaboration with Dr. Akshaya Neil Arya.

In addition to leading the academic development of the field, she was influential in articulating the principals upon which a solid theory defining the new field could grow. Through her articles co-authored with Dr. MacQueen, she articulated ten guiding mechanisms that continue to underlie the theoretical explanations of why Peace through Health can be an effective way of promoting peace. Additionally, she helped formulate the theoretical stages of involvement of health care professionals with conflict in a manner consistent with traditional conflict resolution theory.

At the same time that Dr. Santa Barbara was playing an influential role in the academic and theoretical development of Peace through Health, Dr. Paula Gutlove was at the forefront of implementing Peace through Health programming. A dentist by training, Dr. Gutlove founded the Health Bridges for Peace project at the Institute for Resource and Security Studies (IRSS) in 1996. As the project director Dr. Gutlove utilized her training in negotiation, facilitation, and conflict resolution to implement programming that integrated the delivery of health care with conflict management and sustainable community reconciliation.

Throughout the late 1990’s and early 2000’s, Dr. Gutlove facilitated the development of medical networks in the former Yugoslavia and North Caucasus.  These medical networks used the shared concern for public health as a way to bring health care professionals from conflicting ethnic and religious groups together. Once convened, the meetings were designed to provide training in negotiation and conflict resolution skills, brainstorm the development on locally implementable psychosocial healing programs, and provide a safe space in which individuals from different groups could interact and share information. In addition to her work in developing medical networks, Dr. Gutlove has also been consistently involved in the U.S.-Muslim Engagement Initiative, again using a shared interest in public health as a way to promote dialogue and negotiation. With her efforts over the last decade and a half, Dr. Gutlove has been a consistent and tireless practitioner using health as a vehicle for peace. Her work has done much to promote peace, and demonstrate the practical applicability of the theory Dr. Santa Barbara helped articulate.

Conclusion

The theoretical development of new and innovative ways to build peace plays an integral role in the growth of the field of peace and security. Without envisioning new paths to address issues of conflict and security, or the creative combination of existing efforts, potential gains are lost. The pioneering work of Dr. Santa Barbara and Dr. Gutlove provides a tangible demonstration of the valuable role women can and should play in this creative work. While the field of Peace through Health still has a long way to mature – and women will most certainly continue to play a leading role in its development – it’s growth to date constitutes a strong example of the way in which peace, conflict, and security has benefited from women’s leadership.

Ryan Nichols is a Research Assistant at the Institute for Women, Peace, and Security at Georgetown University. He is currently a candidate in the Master of Arts Program in Conflict Resolution at Georgetown University. His course work has centered on sectarian conflict in Lebanon, as well as integrating conflict resolution objectives into global health activities. Ryan is presently engaging the latter interest through his thesis research involving the development and facilitation of a curriculum introducing interpersonal conflict resolution skills to Veterans with PTSD. In addition to his work in conflict resolution, Ryan is also in the process of applying to medical school with the intention of pursuing a career that positively influences both conflict and health.

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EN(GENDER)ING Peace © 2012 – Please contact Mayesha Alam, editor of this blog, with any questions/comments at sfswomenpsd[at]gmail.com

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Freshman class meeting is scheduled for Wednesday, October 10th at 8:15 p.m. in the ICC Auditorium.  Here are some meeting highlights:

  • Information to take you through the rest of the semester - important deadlines
  • Mid-semester Advisory Grades, Withdrawing from courses, Incomplete grades
  • Degree Audit
  • Parents' Weekend
  • Spring 2013 Pre-registration
  • Hear from the Career Center, Counseling Services and your Freshman class representatives

If you have a conflict (i.e. class), and are unable to attend the meeting, please contact your dean.

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