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Archive for March 2013

A request for an incomplete in a course must be made by the last day of class, Monday, April 29th. Forms can be found in the SFS Dean's office. Please view our website for complete information/guidelines on Incomplete grades: http://www12.georgetown.edu/undergrad/bulletin/regulations3.html#incompletes.

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CONFLICT EXAMS ARE APPROVED FOR ONE OF THE FOLLOWING THREE CATEGORIES ONLY

*CONFLICT EXAM FORMS ARE DUE BY THE LAST DAY OF CLASSES*

(1) TWO examinations SCHEDULED FOR THE SAME TIME SLOT

(2) THREE examinations on one day or THREE examinations in a row (in three successive time slots)

(3) OTHER (i.e. medical)_________________________________________

If students have a conflict of their exams, students may request to move one of their final exams to the conflict exam date, Saturday, May 11th, 4:00-6:00PM.

Conflict exam forms can be found in the SFS Dean's office and MUST be approved by the faculty and dean.

Take home exams and papers are not considered as a conflict.

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Between the wars, New Zealand had fraught relations with its League of Nations mandate, Western Samoa. During the ensuing crisis of colonial rule indigenous New Zealanders (Maori) and Samoans united in new ways to challenge their common colonial ruler. This lecture looks at these new relationships through the friendship of Samoan nationalist leader Ta’isi O.F. Nelson and Maori politician Sir Maui Pomare. Together these men navigated the crisis of New Zealand’s colonial rule in Samoa, forged new and deep connections through a shared Polynesian heritage and shared resistance strategies of non-violence.

Dr. Patricia O'Brien specializes in colonial histories. Currently she is working on interwar histories of Australia's colonies of Papua and New Guinea and New Zealand’s colony of Samoa, in addition to a study of British colonialism, privateers and indigenous contact in the Caribbean. She is an Australian who has been at Georgetown since 2001 and was the JD Stout Fellow in New Zealand Studies at Victoria University Wellington in 2012.

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The Dean’s Office allocates several grants up to $3,000 each to students whose unpaid summer internship or research assistantship serves to improve the human condition.  To apply for one of these grants, please send an e-mail to Dean Pirrotti (alp27@georgetown.edu) with a  brief explanation if your summer plans and how your internship or assistantship will serve to improve the human condition.

Please include an explanation of how this relates to your academic work within your major at SFS.  If you have not yet declared a major, you may discuss your academic interests in more general terms.  Applications are due by 5 pm on Monday, April 8th.

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April 2-13 - http://registrar.georgetown.edu/

Major course list will be posted by 5:00 p.m. Thursday, March 28th - http://bsfs.georgetown.edu/academics/majors/

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Profiles: 2013 International Women of Courage Awardees Highlight Ways that Women Impact Peace and Security

By Jane Mosbacher Morris

On March 8th, Secretary of State John Kerry and First Lady Michelle Obama presented one of few accolades that recognizes major contributors to women, peace, and security—the International Women of Courage Awards (IWC). All nine deserving recipients had a unique and compelling backstory replete with moments of great loss, accomplishment, and, of course, perseverance.

Awardee Malalai Bahaduri of Afghanistan currently serves as a Senior Instructor in the Afghan National Interdiction Unit (NIU). Bahaduri chose to pursue a career in law enforcement shortly after the overthrow of the Taliban in 2002, a decision that so angered her uncle that he broke her nose. The then-mother of three refused to allow skeptics within her family and community to dissuade her, however, and went on to become the first female member of the NIU.

Sadly, her uncle’s reaction is not uncommon in Afghanistan, as many women seeking to serve in the security sector face intense discrimination, despite risking their lives to protect the same people that threaten them. I, women serving in law enforcement or in the military can help to generate trust and more effusive lines of communication between the security organization and target segments in the population, such as other women and children. Despite the unique benefits that women can bring, Bahaduri represents one of few women who are brave enough to take on a formal role in the security sector.

Like Bahaduri, Dr. Josephine Obiajulu Odumakin and Ms. Fartiim Adam, two civil society leaders from Nigeria and Somalia, have also positioned themselves on the frontlines in order to advance peace in their communities. In Nigeria, Dr. Odumakin serves as President of the Campaign for Democracy, where she has advocated on behalf of over 2,000 women who have faced assault by Kenyan police; have suffered the loss of children to negligent hospital or school administrators; or have seen corrupt government officials extra-judicially kill their family members. Arrested and detained more than seventeen times, Dr. Odumakin refuses to relent and continues to champion for stability and justice in Kenya.

In nearby Somalia, Ms. Adan, Executive Director of Elman Peace and Human Rights Centre, unwaveringly calls for education as an alternative to the ongoing conflict in Somalia, notwithstanding surviving horrors like the assassination of her husband. At the Elman Centre that she manages, Adan offers reintegration programming, like job trainings and placements, to former child soldiers. Ms. Adan has also given her life to fight for victims of sexual and gender-based violence, establishing Somalia’s first sexual violence hotline and rape crisis center.

Odumakin and Adan’s efforts illustrate the dangers of leading civil society organizations aimed at piecing together basic rule of law, not to mention the lives of so many of the victims that they serve. Obdumakin and Adan’s steadfast dedication to promoting human security can only be matched by other IWC awardees like Dr. Julieta Castellanos, who serves on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Honduras.

Dr. Castellanos has vocally campaigned against the drug cartels and the stronghold that they exercise over a justice sector awash with corruption. She has helped to mobilize over 400 civil society organizations in order to amplify their call for law enforcement reform and has even caught the attention of Honduras’s President [1]. Sadly, she also caught the attention of several corrupt police, who murdered Castellanos’ 22 year-old son in 2011. Like other awardees, though, Dr. Castellanos carries on promoting peace and security regardless of the risks, claiming that she won’t stop, even if it costs her life [2].

While some women leverage the security, justice, or civil society sector to promote peace and security, other women choose to use the power of information. Three bloggers from Tibet, Syria, and Vietnam were among the 2013 IWAC awardees, but their seemingly innocuous form of expression does not come without significant personal consequences.

Tsering Woeser, the Tibetan poet, author, and blogger who has detailed human rights abuses against her people, has been under constant watch from China’s security agents and has been moved in and out of house arrest. To the South, Phong Tan, a Vietnamese blogger who has vocally criticized the Communist Party of Vietnam, is currently serving a ten-year prison sentence for “conducting propaganda against the state”. In the Middle East, Razan Zeitunah, a Syrian blogger who has reported on the atrocities that Syrian government officials have committed against their own citizens, has been in hiding from the Assad regime for almost two years.

None of these heroic women was able to travel to receive their prize. In spite of the extraordinary risks and repercussions that each have faced, all three women have made a concerted effort to shine a spotlight on the way that undemocratic governments can undermine basic peace and security within their own states. Without the strength of these women, the plight of their communities could go under-reported to the international community, allowing the bad actors to operate with further impunity.

Similarly, Russian journalist Elena Milashina received the 2013 IWC award for working tirelessly to expose the extrajudicial killings and kidnappings that erode the security of her country. Enduring physical and verbal attacks, including a steady stream of threats from people in the public and private sectors, Milashina has continued to be a staunch critic of a government that appears to be increasingly disinterested in peace and security abroad, let alone within its own borders.

Secretary Kerry and First Lady Obama presented the final award posthumously to the young woman whose tragic gang rape robbed her of her life and generated international press coverage of the pervasiveness of sexual assault around the world. Referred to at the ceremony as “Nirbhaya”, meaning fearless, this young woman fought long enough to stay alive in order to provide two police statements and to demand that action be taken against her six attackers. “Nirbhaya’s” heartbreaking suffering inspired mass protests in India that lead the Indian government to initiate preliminary reforms that could help to chip away at a judicial system unequipped to effectively counter sexual and gender-based violence.

These nine extraordinary women unquestionably deserve the honor bestowed upon them by the International Courage Awards, but they represent a tiny fraction of the women fighting to advance peace and security, often at the expense of their own lives. Whether in the security or judicial sectors, civil society, online, or as everyday citizens like “Nirbhaya”, women everywhere are carving out unique ways to contribute to peace and security, sometimes overtly, but often quietly. It becomes our job, then, to champion their efforts, calling attention to them, when safe to do so, and reminding the international community that the change-makers in these countries are not just sitting in government.


[2] Ibid.

About the author:

Jane Mosbacher Morris is the Director of Humanitarian Action at the McCain Institute for International Leadership. She previously worked at the U.S. State Department on counterterrorism, as well as on women, peace, and security. She has a MBA from Columbia and a BSFS from Georgetown.

Note:

Biographical information about the awardees was taken from the Department of State International Women of Courage Awards Ceremony program, if not otherwise noted.

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Cosponsored with BMW Center for German and European Studies. Iberia is a place of historic and symbolic significance to all three of the world's major religions. Myths concerning Islam's origins collide with the story of the Christian reconquista, the subsequent Spanish Inquisition, and the massive expulsion of Muslims and Jews some five hundred years ago. Yet Muslims have made a significant comeback in this region, which now hosts one of Europe's newest Muslim communities. This volume recounts the "retaking" of Al-Andalus by Iberia's new Muslims, which include groups as diverse as students, farm workers, female professionals, and clerics, and their successful integration into a strongly Roman Catholic culture. Marvine Howe shares not only the experiences of Iberia's Muslims but also the reactions of Spanish and Portuguese officials, academics, NGOs, and ordinary citizens, who have found ways to incorporate Muslims and other immigrants into Iberian society despite domestic and European pressure to do otherwise. She also revisits the events of March 11, 2004, when Muslim extremists launched a devastating attack on Madrid's transportation system, and investigates these events in relation to Al-Qaeda's stated intent to reclaim Al-Andalus for Islam. Howe pursues several basic threads, such as whether Iberia's humane immigration policies can be exported to other European contexts and whether the Andalusian spirit of tolerance and diversity will prevail over a troubled economy and heightened radicalism -- in both the Islamic world and the West.

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At the turn of the century, American Jews and prohibitionists viewed one another with growing suspicion. Jews believed that all Americans had the right to sell and consume alcohol, while prohibitionists insisted that alcohol commerce and consumption posed a threat to the nation's morality and security. The two groups possessed incompatible visions of what it meant to be a productive and patriotic American--and in 1920, when the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution made alcohol commerce illegal, Jews discovered that anti-Semitic sentiments had mixed with anti-alcohol ideology, threatening their reputation and their standing in American society.

Jews and Booze:Becoming an American in the Age of Prohibition with Marni Davis, Georgia State University

Wednesday, March 20th at 12 PM CCAS Boardroom 241, ICC Co-sponsored by the American Studies Program

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Ambassador Howard Schaffer will conduct a preparatory session for the Foreign Service oral examination on Wednesday, April 3, from 6:00 to 8:30 pm in the Executive Conference Room, 7th floor of the Intercultural Center (ICC). All present and past Georgetown students who intend to compete for the U.S. Foreign Service this year or in the future are invited to attend. RSVP required:http://fsoexamprepsession.eventbrite.com/.

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April Nigh graduated from Georgetown University's Master of Science in Foreign Service program in May 2012. Prior to Georgetown, she spent eight years in Beijing, China running programs for international non-profit organizations, including the Jane Goodall Institute China and Junior Achievement China. After graduation, April served as a Market Researcher at the USDA Agricultural Trade Office located in the U.S. Consulate in Shanghai, China, and she now works at the Grocery Manufacturers Association as a Manager of International Customs and Trade in the association's international affairs department. She is originally from Cheyenne, Wyoming.

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